Tuesday, March 27, 2012

Mastitis Payudara

Ada 3 jenis mastitis iaitu mastitis periductal, mastitis pueperalis dan mastitis supurativa.Ketiga jenis mastitis ini muncul akibat penyebab yang berbeza dan muncul dalam keadaan yang juga berbeza. Mastitis periductal biasanya muncul pada wanita di usia menjelang menopause, penyebab utamanya tidak jelas diketahui.Keadaan ini dikenali juga dengan sebutan mamary duct ectasia, yang bererti pelebaran saluran kerana adanya penyumbatan pada saluran di payudara. Mastitis pueperalis atau disebut juga lactational mastitis, jenis ini banyak dihidapi wanita hamil atau yang menyusui.90 peratus punca utama mastitis jenis ini ialah akibat kuman yang menjangkiti payudara ibu.Hal ini kerana air susu merupakan media yang subur bagi pembiakan pelbagai jenis kuman. Jenis yang ketiga ia;ah masititis supurativa.Masitis jenis ini ialah yang paling kerap ditemui.Mirip dengan jenis sebelumnya,masitis jenis ini juga disebabkan kuman staphylococcus.Selain itu boleh juga disebabkan oleh jamur, kuman TBC, bahkan sifilis.

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